ERIC Number: EJ1039940
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
Can You See Me Thinking (about My Answers)? Using Eye-Tracking to Illuminate Developmental Differences in Monitoring and Control Skills and Their Relation to Performance
Roderer, Thomas; Roebers, Claudia M.
Metacognition and Learning, v9 n1 p1-23 Apr 2014
This study focuses on relations between 7- and 9-year-old children's and adults' metacognitive monitoring and control processes. In addition to explicit confidence judgments (CJ), data for participants' control behavior during learning and recall as well as implicit CJs were collected with an eye-tracking device (Tobii 1750). Results revealed developmental progression in both accuracy of implicit and explicit monitoring across age groups. In addition, efficiency of learning and recall strategies increases with age, as older participants allocate more fixation time to critical information and less time to peripheral or potentially interfering information. Correlational analyses, recall performance, metacognitive monitoring, and controlling indicate significant interrelations between all of these measures, with varying patterns of correlations within age groups. Results are discussed in regard to the intricate relationship between monitoring and recall and their relation to performance.
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Metacognition, Cognitive Processes, Eye Movements, Developmental Stages, Age Differences, Recall (Psychology), Correlation, Thinking Skills, Learning Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A