ERIC Number: EJ1039691
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 87
Is Concentrated Advantage the Cause? The Relative Contributions of Neighborhood Advantage and Disadvantage to Educational Inequality
Johnson, Odis, Jr.
Urban Review: Issues and Ideas in Public Education, v45 n5 p561-585 Dec 2013
Supported by persistent educational inequality and growth of the field of neighborhood effects research, this meta-analysis investigates the relative association of neighborhood advantage and disadvantage to educational outcomes; the consistency of associations across different educational indicators; and the moderating influence of model specifications within primary studies. Using multilevel statistical methodology, this synthesis finds that studies of the relationship between the presence of higher income neighbors and education outcomes produce effect-sizes that are more often significant; in keeping with the hypothesized direction of their effects; and of greater magnitude than similar investigations of low SES effects. These results appeared consistent after disaggregating the effect-sizes according to the type of educational indicator and controlling for differences in the specifications of the primary study models. A discussion of the findings, alternative hypotheses and implications for policy and research conclude the paper.
Descriptors: Equal Education, Neighborhoods, Advantaged, Disadvantaged, Socioeconomic Status, Income, Outcomes of Education, Effect Size, Educational Indicators, Meta Analysis, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A