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ERIC Number: EJ1039536
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1368-2822
Verbal Strategies and Nonverbal Cues in School-Age Children with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI)
Eichorn, Naomi; Marton, Klara; Campanelli, Luca; Scheuer, Jessica
International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, v49 n5 p618-630 Sep-Oct 2014
Background: Considerable evidence suggests that performance across a variety of cognitive tasks is effectively supported by the use of verbal and nonverbal strategies. Studies exploring the usefulness of such strategies in children with specific language impairment (SLI) are scarce and report inconsistent findings. Aims: To examine the effects of induced labelling and auditory cues on the performance of children with and without SLI during a categorization task. Methods and Procedures: Sixty-six school-age children (22 with SLI, 22 age-matched controls, 22 language-matched controls) completed three versions of a computer-based categorization task: one baseline, one requiring overt labelling and one with auditory cues (tones) on randomized trial blocks. Outcomes and Results: Labelling had no effect on performance for typically developing children but resulted in lower accuracy and longer reaction time in children with SLI. The presence of tones had no effect on accuracy but resulted in faster reaction time and post-error slowing across groups. Conclusions and Implications: Verbal strategy use was ineffective for typically developing children and negatively affected children with SLI. All children showed faster performance and increased performance monitoring as a result of tones. Overall, effects of strategy use in children appear to vary based on task demands, strategy domain, age and language ability. Results suggest that children with SLI may benefit from auditory cues in their clinical intervention but that further research is needed to determine when and how verbal strategies might similarly support performance in this population.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1R15DC009040-01