ERIC Number: EJ1039379
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Infants' Selective Attention to Reliable Visual Cues in the Presence of Salient Distractors
Tummeltshammer, Kristen Swan; Mareschal, Denis; Kirkham, Natasha Z.
Child Development, v85 n5 p1981-1994 Sep-Oct 2014
With many features competing for attention in their visual environment, infants must learn to deploy attention toward informative cues while ignoring distractions. Three eye tracking experiments were conducted to investigate whether 6- and 8-month-olds (total N = 102) would shift attention away from a distractor stimulus to learn a cue-reward relation. While 8-month-olds showed evidence of increasingly selective attention toward the predictive cues, even when the distractors were highly salient, 6-month-olds shifted attention toward the predictive cues only when the distractors were equally (not more) engaging. These experiments suggest that attention in infancy is highly dependent on the relative weightings of predictiveness and visual salience, which may differ across development and context.
Descriptors: Attention, Infants, Infant Behavior, Cues, Eye Movements, Stimuli, Rewards, Age Differences, Prediction, Visual Perception, Child Development
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A