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ERIC Number: EJ1039369
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0039-3746
Receiving the Gift of Teaching: From "Learning from" to "Being Taught By"
Biesta, Gert
Studies in Philosophy and Education, v32 n5 p449-461 Sep 2013
This paper is an enquiry into the meaning of teaching. I argue that as a result of the influence of constructivist ideas about learning on education, teaching has become increasingly understood as the facilitation of learning rather than as a process where teachers have something to give to their students. The idea that teaching is immanent to learning goes back to the Socratic idea of teaching as a maieutic process, that is, as bringing out what is already there. Against the maieutic conception of teaching I argue for an understanding of teaching in terms of transcendence, where teaching brings something radically new to the student. I explore the meaning of the idea of transcendence through a discussion of Kierkegaard and Levinas, who both criticise the maieutic understanding of teaching and, instead, argue for a transcendent understanding of teaching-an understanding of teaching which they refer to as "revelation." Whereas Kierkegaard argues that revelation--which he understand as a process of "double truth giving"--lies beyond the power of the teacher, Levinas interprets revelation as the experience of "being taught." I use Levinas's suggestion in order to explore the distinction between "learning from" and "being taught by" and argue that teaching has to be understood in the latter sense, that is, in terms of the experience of "being taught." To connect the idea of teaching to the experience of "being taught" highlights that teaching can be understood as a process of "truth giving" albeit that (1) this "gift" lies beyond the powers of the teacher, and (2) the truth that is given, has to be understood in terms of what Kierkegaard calls "subjective truth"-which is not relativistic truth but existential truth, that is, truth that matters for one's life. Understanding teaching in these terms also opens up new possibilities for understanding the role of authority in teaching. While my argument implies that teachers cannot simply and straightforwardly "produce" the experience of "being taught"--so that what matters has to do with the conditions under which the gift of teaching can be received--their actions and activities nonetheless matter. In the final section of the paper I therefore argue that if we want to give teaching back to education, we need to resist the depiction of the teacher as a disposable and dispensable "resource" that students can learn from or not, and need to articulate and enact a different story about the teacher, the student and the school.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A