ERIC Number: EJ1039097
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluation of a Stranger Safety Training Programme for Adults with Williams Syndrome
Fisher, M. H.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v58 n10 p903-914 Oct 2014
Background: Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) are reported to display increased sociability towards strangers, leading to increased social vulnerability. No research has examined real life interactions of adults with WS towards strangers and no interventions have been implemented to teach stranger safety skills to this population. Method: Twenty-one adults with WS participated in 3 days of behaviour skills training to learn how to respond to a stranger lure. Skill acquisition was assessed "in situ"; confederate strangers approached participants, presented a lure and recorded the participants' response. Results: Prior to intervention, 14% of participants walked away from a stranger. Participants were able to accurately use the skills in role play. After training, 62% of participants said "no" and walked away and only 14% agreed to leave with the stranger during "in situ" assessments. Conclusions: Individuals with WS are at-risk but can learn how to appropriately respond to lures from strangers. Further research is needed to increase use of safety skills in various conditions.
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Disabilities, Social Behavior, At Risk Persons, Interaction, Adults, Safety Education, Behavior Modification, Program Effectiveness, Role Playing, Skill Development, Program Evaluation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A