ERIC Number: EJ1038881
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
Growth in Reading-Related Skills of Language Minority Learners and Their Classmates: More Evidence for Early Identification and Intervention
Kieffer, Michael J.; Vukovic, Rose K.
Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, v26 n7 p1159-1194 Aug 2013
This longitudinal study investigated growth in reading-related skills between Grade 1 and 4 for language minority (LM) learners and their native English-speaking classmates from similarly low socioeconomic backgrounds (N = 166). Growth trajectories were compared by language background and by Grade 4 reading difficulties, with the goal of informing decisions about how early LM learners can undergo screening for risk of reading difficulties. As a group, LM learners demonstrated weaknesses in vocabulary and oral comprehension and strengths in phonological awareness that were apparent in Grade 1 and consistent through Grade 4. LM learners also demonstrated early strengths in letter-word identification but fell far below national norms by Grade 4. The subset of LM learners with word reading difficulties demonstrated major weaknesses in vocabulary, oral comprehension, phonological awareness, and working memory, whereas LM learners with specific reading comprehension difficulties demonstrated major weaknesses in vocabulary and oral comprehension; these weaknesses were apparent in Grade 1 and consistent through Grade 4, suggesting the importance of early assessment and intervention.
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Skills, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Language Minorities, Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Groups, Reading Difficulties, Native Speakers, Comparative Analysis, Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Listening Comprehension, Phonological Awareness, Word Recognition, Short Term Memory
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 2; Grade 3
Authoring Institution: N/A