ERIC Number: EJ1038518
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Learning Visual Units after Brief Experience in 10-Month-Old Infants
Needham, Amy; Goldstone, Robert L.; Wiesen, Sarah E.
Cognitive Science, v38 n7 p1507-1519 Sep-Oct 2014
How does perceptual learning take place early in life? Traditionally, researchers have focused on how infants make use of information within displays to organize it, but recently, increasing attention has been paid to the question of how infants perceive objects differently depending upon their recent interactions with the objects. This experiment investigates 10-month-old infants' use of brief prior experiences with objects to visually organize a display consisting of multiple geometrically shaped three-dimensional blocks created for this study. After a brief exposure to a multipart portion of the display, each infant was shown two test events, one of which preserved the unit the infant had seen and the other of which broke that unit. Overall, infants looked longer at the event that broke the unit they had seen prior to testing than the event that preserved that unit, suggesting that infants made use of the brief prior experience to (a) form a cohesive unit of the multipart portion of the display they saw prior to test and (b) segregate this unit from the rest of the test display. This suggests that infants made inferences about novel parts of the test display based on limited exposure to a subset of the test display. Like adults, infants learn features of the three-dimensional world through their experiences in it.
Descriptors: Infants, Inferences, Prior Learning, Toys, Task Analysis, Object Manipulation, Perceptual Development, Object Permanence, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A