ERIC Number: EJ1038433
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Autistic Traits and Abnormal Sensory Experiences in Adults
Horder, Jamie; Wilson, C. Ellie; Mendez, M. Andreina; Murphy, Declan G.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n6 p1461-1469 Jun 2014
Sensory processing abnormalities are common in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), and now form part of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5th Edition" (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria, but it is unclear whether they characterize the "broader phenotype" of the disorder. We recruited adults (n = 772) with and without an ASD and administered the Autism Quotient (AQ) along with the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP), the Cardiff Anomalous Perceptions Scale (CAPS), and the Glasgow Sensory Questionnaire (GSQ), all questionnaire measures of abnormal sensory responsivity. Autism traits were significantly correlated with scores on all three sensory scales (AQ/GSQ r = 0.478; AQ/AASP r = 0.344; AQ/CAPS r = 0.333; all p < 0.001). This relationship was linear across the whole range of AQ scores and was true both in those with, and without, an ASD diagnosis. It survived correction for anxiety trait scores, and other potential confounds such as mental illness and migraine.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Sensory Experience, Measures (Individuals), Scores, Adults, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A