ERIC Number: EJ1038419
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
Strategies for Perceiving Facial Expressions in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Walsh, Jennifer A.; Vida, Mark D.; Rutherford, M. D.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n5 p1018-1026 May 2014
Rutherford and McIntosh (J Autism Dev Disord 37:187-196, 2007) demonstrated that individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more tolerant than controls of exaggerated schematic facial expressions, suggesting that they may use an alternative strategy when processing emotional expressions. The current study was designed to test this finding using photographs of real people. In addition, two control tasks were added to eliminate alternative explanations. We replicated the findings of Rutherford and McIntosh ("J Autism Dev Disord" 37:187-196, 2007) and also demonstrated that adults with ASD do not show this tolerance when evaluating how realistic the expressions are. These results suggest adults with ASD employ a rule-based strategy to a greater extent than typical adults when processing facial expressions but not when processing other aspects of faces.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adults, Nonverbal Communication, Photography, Communication Strategies, Emotional Response, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Task Analysis, Replication (Evaluation), Comparative Analysis, Schematic Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A