ERIC Number: EJ1038371
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
Brief Report: Social Skills, Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms, and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia in Autism
Neuhaus, Emily; Bernier, Raphael; Beauchaine, Theodore P.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n3 p730-737 Mar 2014
Theoretical and empirical models describe respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) as a peripheral biomarker of emotion regulation and social competence. Recent findings also link RSA to individual differences in social functioning within autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, associations between RSA and symptoms of internalizing/externalizing psychopathology in ASD have not been explored. We assessed RSA, social functioning, and internalizing/externalizing symptoms among boys with and without ASD. Compared with controls, participants with ASD evidenced reduced parasympathetic cardiac control, which correlated with social behavior. Symptoms were associated with deficiencies in RSA, over-and-above the contribution of social functioning. These findings yield a more nuanced understanding of parasympathetic function in ASD, and suggest a role for integrative intervention strategies that address socioemotional difficulties.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Interpersonal Competence, Comparative Analysis, Males, Correlation, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Emotional Response, Metabolism, Psychopathology, Human Body
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A