ERIC Number: EJ1038343
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
Predictors and Course of Daily Living Skills Development in Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Green, Shulamite A.; Carter, Alice S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n2 p256-263 Feb 2014
Self-sufficiency is central to child and family well-being. This report focuses on predictors of adaptive daily living skills (DLS) development in young children with ASD and whether DLS gains predict decreases in parenting stress. Participants were 162 toddlers with ASD and their parents, assessed at 3 annual timepoints. Hierarchical Linear Models showed that age, DQ, and autism symptom severity uniquely predicted initial DLS and DLS growth. Child problem behaviors predicted initial DLS only. DLS was associated with change in parenting stress above and beyond DQ, autism symptom severity, and problem behaviors. Children with lower IQ and more severe symptoms showed slower DLS gains. Given its relation to parenting stress, DLS are an important intervention target in young children with ASD.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Daily Living Skills, Toddlers, Child Rearing, Stress Variables, Prediction, Longitudinal Studies, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Behavior Problems, Personal Autonomy, Self Control
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A