ERIC Number: EJ1038342
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder Show a Circumspect Reasoning Bias Rather than "Jumping-to-Conclusions"
Brosnan, Mark; Chapman, Emma; Ashwin, Chris
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n3 p513-520 Mar 2014
People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often take longer to make decisions. The Autism-Psychosis Model proposes that people with autism and psychosis show the opposite pattern of results on cognitive tasks. As those with psychosis show a jump-to-conclusions reasoning bias, those with ASD should show a circumspect reasoning bias. Jumping-to-conclusions was assessed in a sample of 20 adolescents with ASD and 23 age-matched controls using the jumping-to-conclusions beads task. Both groups demonstrated equivalent levels of confidence in decision-making, however the ASD group required more beads than controls before making their decision. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between the beads required and degree of autism symptoms. Consistent with the Autism-Psychosis Model, a more circumspect reasoning bias was evident in ASD.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Adolescents, Decision Making, Psychosis, Correlation, Cognitive Processes, Models, Self Esteem, Thinking Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A