ERIC Number: EJ1038015
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Implementation of Web-Based Argumentation in Facilitating Elementary School Students to Learn Environmental Issues
Wang, T. H.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v30 n5 p479-496 Oct 2014
This research develops a Web-based argumentation system named the Web-based Interactive Argumentation System (WIAS). WIAS can provide teachers with the scaffolding for argumentation instruction. Students can propose their statements, collect supporting evidence and share and discuss with peers online. This research adopts a quasi-experimental design, applying WIAS to the teaching of environmental issues, including mudslides, global warming and nuclear power. Fifty-seven elementary school fifth graders from two classes participated in this research. With each class as a unit, they were divided into the WIAS group (n?=?30) and the traditional argumentation instruction (TAI) group (n?=?27). Before research, all students took the pre-test of the "achievement test for environmental issues" ("ATEI") and the "environmental literacy scale" ("ELS"). Then all students received argumentation training and six classes of argumentation instruction. Students in the WIAS group performed argumentation in the WIAS, while those in the TAI group performed argumentation in a traditional classroom. After the six-class argumentation instruction, all students took the post-test of the ATEI and ELS. The results show that students in the WIAS group have significantly better learning effectiveness than those in the TAI group. Students in the WIAS group also exhibited significantly better improvement in their environmental literacy.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Environmental Education, Climate, Elementary School Students, Persuasive Discourse, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Computer Mediated Communication, Quasiexperimental Design, Nuclear Energy, Pretests Posttests, Conventional Instruction, Literacy, Instructional Effectiveness, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A