ERIC Number: EJ1038009
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Students' Perceptions of Self-Directed Learning and Collaborative Learning with and without Technology
Lee, K.; Tsai, P.-S.; Chai, C. S.; Koh, J. H. L.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v30 n5 p425-437 Oct 2014
This study explored students' perceptions of self-directed learning (SDL) and collaborative learning (CL) with/without technology in an information and communications technology-supported classroom environment. The factors include SDL, CL, SDL supported by technology, and CL supported by technology. Based on the literature review, this study hypothesized that students' perceptions of learning without technology positively predict their perceptions of learning supported by technology. An instrument was developed and two studies, a pilot study and a main study, were undertaken. The pilot study surveyed 219 secondary school students and established the factors through exploratory factor analysis with good validity and reliability. The main study surveyed 500 secondary school students to confirm the factors and to establish the relationships between these factors through structural equation modeling. The results validated the four-factor structure model and revealed that students who reportedly engaged in SDL and CL in face-to-face contexts also engaged in these forms of learning in technology-supported contexts. The findings indicate that students' learning without technology support is related to their use of technology for learning. It may be advisable for teachers to develop students' learning processes in the face-to-face context without technology before engaging them in technology-supported learning.
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Independent Study, Cooperative Learning, Technology Uses in Education, Educational Technology, Hypothesis Testing, Predictor Variables, Teaching Methods, Student Surveys, Secondary School Students, Factor Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Factor Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A