ERIC Number: EJ1037887
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Motor and Tactile-Perceptual Skill Differences between Individuals with High-Functioning Autism and Typically Developing Individuals Ages 5-21
Abu-Dahab, Sana M. N.; Skidmore, Elizabeth R.; Holm, Margo B.; Rogers, Joan C.; Minshew, Nancy J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n10 p2241-2248 Oct 2013
We examined motor and tactile-perceptual skills in individuals with high-functioning autism (IHFA) and matched typically developing individuals (TDI) ages 5-21 years. Grip strength, motor speed and coordination were impaired in IHFA compared to matched TDI, and the differences between groups varied with age. Although tactile-perceptual skills of IHFA were impaired compared to TDI on several measures, impairments were significant only for stereognosis. Motor and tactile-perceptual skills should be assessed in children with IHFA and intervention should begin early because these skills are essential to school performance. Impairments in coordination and stereognosis suggest a broad though selective under-development of the circuitry for higher order abilities regardless of domain that is important in the search for the underlying disturbances in neurological development.
Descriptors: Autism, Comparative Analysis, Children, Adolescents, Young Adults, Muscular Strength, Psychomotor Skills, Tactual Perception, Perceptual Motor Coordination, Intervention, Skill Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A