ERIC Number: EJ1037879
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
An Examination of Iconic Memory in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
McMorris, Carly A.; Brown, Stephanie M.; Bebko, James M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n8 p1956-1966 Aug 2013
"Iconic memory" is the ability to accurately recall a number of items after a very brief visual exposure. Previous research has examined these capabilities in typically developing (TD) children and individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID); however, there is limited research on these abilities in children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Twenty-one TD and eighteen ASD children were presented with circular visual arrays of letters for 100 ms and were asked to recall as many letters as possible or a single letter that was cued for recall. Groups did not differ in the number of items recalled, the rate of information decay, or speed of information processing. These findings suggest that iconic memory is an intact skill for children with ASD, a result that has implications for subsequent information processing.
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Visual Perception, Visual Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A