ERIC Number: EJ1037861
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
Gender Differences When Parenting Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Multilevel Modeling Approach
Jones, Leah; Totsika, Vasiliki; Hastings, Richard P.; Petalas, Michael A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n9 p2090-2098 Sep 2013
Parenting a child with autism may differentially affect mothers and fathers. Existing studies of mother-father differences often ignore the interdependence of data within families. We investigated gender differences within-families using multilevel linear modeling. Mothers and fathers of children with autism (161 couples) reported on their own well-being, and their child's functioning. Mothers reported higher levels of distress compared with fathers, and child behavior problems predicted psychological distress for both mothers and fathers. We found little evidence of child functioning variables affecting mothers and fathers differently. Gender differences in the impact of child autism on parents appear to be robust. More family systems research is required to fully understand these gender differences and the implications for family support.
Descriptors: Autism, Gender Differences, Parent Child Relationship, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Well Being, Mothers, Fathers, Anxiety, Child Behavior, Behavior Problems, Predictor Variables, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A