ERIC Number: EJ1037849
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
Brief Report: Avoidance Extinction as Treatment for Compulsive and Ritual Behavior in Autism
Wolff, Jason J.; Hupp, Susan C.; Symons, Frank J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n7 p1741-1746 Jul 2013
Treatment options for maladaptive repetitive behaviors associated with autism are limited. This is particularly so for ritual and compulsive forms of repetitive behavior, which commonly interfere with adaptive activities and may cause distress to individuals with autism and their families. The present study assessed an avoidance extinction approach to treatment of frequent, idiosyncratic ritual and compulsive behaviors among a small clinical sample (n = 3) of adults with autism and intellectual disability. Single case experimental design results indicate that intervention achieved extinction for 2 of the 3 participants, with the third showing a marked decrease in target behavior. A distinct extinction pattern consistent with functionally avoidant behavior was noted for the two participants who best responded to treatment.
Descriptors: Autism, Anxiety Disorders, Behavior Disorders, Repetition, Behavior Modification, Outcomes of Treatment, Mental Retardation, Case Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A