ERIC Number: EJ1037833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 81
Atypical Gaze Following in Autism: A Comparison of Three Potential Mechanisms
Gillespie-Lynch, K.; Elias, R.; Escudero, P.; Hutman, T.; Johnson, S. P.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n12 p2779-2792 Dec 2013
In order to evaluate the following potential mechanisms underlying atypical gaze following in autism, impaired reflexive gaze following, difficulty integrating gaze and affect, or reduced understanding of the referential significance of gaze, we administered three paradigms to young children with autism (N = 21) and chronological (N = 21) and nonverbal mental age (N = 21) matched controls. Children with autism exhibited impaired reflexive gaze following. The absence of evidence of integration of gaze and affect, regardless of diagnosis, indicates ineffective measurement of this construct. Reduced gaze following was apparent among children with autism during eye-tracking and in-person assessments. Word learning from gaze cues was better explained by developmental level than autism. Thus, gaze following may traverse an atypical, rather than just delayed, trajectory in autism.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A