ERIC Number: EJ1037783
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 159
A Review of the Role of Female Gender in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Kirkovski, Melissa; Enticott, Peter G.; Fitzgerald, Paul B.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n11 p2584-2603 Nov 2013
This paper reviews the literature exploring gender differences associated with the clinical presentation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The potentially mediating effect of comorbid psychopathology, biological and neurodevelopmental implications on these gender differences is also discussed. A vastly heterogeneous condition, while females on the lower-functioning end of the spectrum appear to be more severely affected, an altered clinical manifestation of the disorder among high-functioning females may consequently result in many being un or misdiagnosed. To date, there is strong bias in the literature towards the clinical presentation of ASD in males. It is imperative that future research explores gender differences across the autism spectrum, in order to improve researchers', clinicians' and the publics' understanding of this debilitating disorder.
Descriptors: Autism, Females, Gender Differences, Comorbidity, Psychopathology, Clinical Diagnosis, Neurology, Biological Influences, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A