ERIC Number: EJ1037766
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
Functional Neuroimaging of Social and Nonsocial Cognitive Control in Autism
Sabatino, Antoinette; Rittenberg, Alison; Sasson, Noah J.; Turner-Brown, Lauren; Bodfish, James W.; Dichter, Gabriel S.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n12 p2903-2913 Dec 2013
This study investigated cognitive control of social and nonsocial information in autism using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and a neurotypical control group completed an oddball target detection task where target stimuli were either faces or nonsocial objects previously shown to be related to circumscribed interests in autism. The ASD group demonstrated relatively increased activation to social targets in right insular cortex and in left superior frontal gyrus and relatively decreased activation to nonsocial targets related to circumscribed interests in multiple frontostriatal brain regions. Findings suggest that frontostriatal recruitment during cognitive control in ASD is contingent on stimulus type, with increased activation for social stimuli and decreased activation for nonsocial stimuli related to circumscribed interests.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Control Groups, Task Analysis, Cognitive Ability, Interpersonal Competence, Stimuli
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A