ERIC Number: EJ1037764
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Multisensory Speech Perception in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Woynaroski, Tiffany G.; Kwakye, Leslie D.; Foss-Feig, Jennifer H.; Stevenson, Ryan A.; Stone, Wendy L.; Wallace, Mark T.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n12 p2891-2902 Dec 2013
This study examined unisensory and multisensory speech perception in 8-17 year old children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and typically developing controls matched on chronological age, sex, and IQ. Consonant-vowel syllables were presented in visual only, auditory only, matched audiovisual, and mismatched audiovisual ("McGurk") conditions. Participants with ASD displayed deficits in visual only and matched audiovisual speech perception. Additionally, children with ASD reported a visual influence on heard speech in response to mismatched audiovisual syllables over a wider window of time relative to controls. Correlational analyses revealed associations between multisensory speech perception, communicative characteristics, and responses to sensory stimuli in ASD. Results suggest atypical speech perception is linked to broader behavioral characteristics of ASD.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents, Autism, Comparative Analysis, Speech Communication, Comprehension, Vowels, Syllables, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Audiovisual Aids, Correlation, Multisensory Learning, Interpersonal Communication, Responses
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A