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ERIC Number: EJ1037376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 5
ISSN: ISSN-0269-2465
The Importance of Engaging Pupils Actively in Demonstrations
Suomela, Liisa; Juuti, Kalle; Ahtee, Maija
Primary Science, n130 p20-22 Nov 2013
Demonstrating is a traditional method in teaching science that can raise interest and encourage pupils to think about a topic. While demonstrating, the teacher can focus the pupils' attention on the relevant facts and introduce scientific principles and concepts. Through discussion and actively making observations and inferences, rather than looking passively at what is happening in the demonstration, the pupils gain experience of the scientific way of thinking (Ogborn et al., 1996). This may mean that the lesson deviates from the plan and a certain amount of improvisation is required by the teacher. Herein the authors provide some ideas, particularly relevant for new teachers, about making demonstrations active rather than passive experiences. Disciplined improvisation is discussed and an example of demonstration and improvisation using a 4th grade (10-year-olds) science lesson is provided.
Association for Science Education. College Lane Hatfield, Herts, AL10 9AA, UK. Tel: +44-1-707-283000; Fax: +44-1-707-266532; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A