ERIC Number: EJ1037188
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Transitional Support for Adults with Severe Mental Illness: Critical Time Intervention and Its Roots in Assertive Community Treatment
Herman, Daniel B.
Research on Social Work Practice, v24 n5 p556-563 Sep 2014
Professional social workers and other mental health providers have for many years been involved in delivering treatment and support services focused on the needs of adults with severe mental illnesses living in the community. While some models have evolved largely through practice experience, others have developed through research paradigms in which program developers have attempted to systematically test their models by employing randomized trials and other rigorous approaches to assess impacts. Critical time intervention (CTI) is a time-limited care coordination model intended to prevent homelessness and other adverse outcomes among adults with severe mental illness during periods of transition. After briefly tracing its roots in assertive community treatment--a pioneering earlier model of community care--this article describes CTI, the evidence for its effectiveness, preliminary efforts toward its broad dissemination, and offers thoughts about its further development and potential for adaptation.
Descriptors: Social Work, Caseworkers, Mental Disorders, Mental Health Programs, Models, Intervention, Adults, Homeless People, Evidence, Community Programs, Program Effectiveness, Social Science Research, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health (DHHS)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MH59716