ERIC Number: EJ1037153
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
How to Use Historical Approach to Teach Nature of Science in Chemistry Education?
Tolvanen, Simo; Jansson, Jan; Vesterinen, Veli-Matti; Aksela, Maija
Science & Education, v23 n8 p1605-1636 Aug 2014
Successful implementation of historical approach to teach nature of science (NOS) requires suitable curriculum material. Several research and development projects have produced lesson plans for science teachers. 25 lesson plans from four different projects involved in creating curriculum material utilizing historical approach in chemistry education were analyzed to describe NOS content included as well as the historical experiments and narratives used. Based on the results of descriptive content analysis of existing curriculum materials, several suggestions on the successful design of lesson plans utilizing historical approach are made. To increase the coherence and clarity of learning objectives and instruction, each lesson plan should focus on the limited amount of specific NOS issues instead of several overtly general NOS aspects. To support explicit classroom discussion on the selected NOS issues, historical narratives used in the lesson plans should illustrate these issues. The lesson plans should also include instructions on how to facilitate classroom discussion, such as questions for students to discuss and reflect. Recommendations are also made concerning the appropriate use of historical experiments and narrative elements such as viewpoint characters and conflicts.
Descriptors: Chemistry, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices, Educational Strategies, Scientific Principles, Historical Interpretation, Science Education History, Lesson Plans, Instructional Design, Educational Experiments, Narration, Curriculum Development, Behavioral Objectives, Instructional Innovation, Science Instruction, Material Development, Science Materials, Curriculum Implementation, Instructional Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
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