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ERIC Number: EJ1037148
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Cognitive Ability Is Associated with Different Outcome Trajectories in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Ben-Itzchak, Esther; Watson, Linda R.; Zachor, Ditza A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n9 p2221-2229 Sep 2014
Variability in clinical expression and in intervention outcome has been described in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study examined progress after 1 and 2 years of intervention and compared the impact of baseline cognitive ability on outcome trajectories in 46 children (m = 25.5 months) with ASD. The entire group showed a gradual decrease in autism severity and increase in verbal cognitive scores. Only the low cognitive scores (DQ <70) group significantly improved in fine motor and receptive language scores. Significant gains in adaptive skills were found only for the high cognitive scores (DQ =70) group after 2 years of intervention. The entire group progressed with intervention, but only children with higher cognitive levels at baseline transferred their acquired socio-communication skills into daily functioning.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A