ERIC Number: EJ1037143
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 91
Does Language Guide Behavior in Children with Autism?
Gidley Larson, Jennifer C.; Suchy, Yana
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n9 p2147-2161 Sep 2014
It is unknown if children with high-functioning autism (HFA) employ self-directed speech to guide motor sequencing and motor control, or if they can benefit from using self-directed speech when prompted to do so. Participants performed a three-movement sequence across three conditions: Natural Learning, Task-Congruent Verbalization (TCV), and Task-Incongruent Verbalization (TIV). TIV deleteriously impacted performance in the typically-developing group (n = 22), and not the HFA group (n = 21). TCV improved performance in both groups, but to a greater extent in the HFA group. These findings suggest that children with HFA do not initiate self-directed speech spontaneously, but can use language to guide behavior when prompted to do so.
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Speech Communication, Verbal Communication, Comparative Analysis, Language Usage, Student Behavior, Psychomotor Skills
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A