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ERIC Number: EJ1037038
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
ISSN: ISSN-0020-4277
The Relationship between Students' Preferred Approaches to Learning and Behaviors during Learning: An Examination of the Process Stage of the 3P Model
Clinton, Virginia
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, v42 n5 p817-837 Sep 2014
Student approaches to learning have been a popular area of research in educational psychology. One useful framework for understanding student approaches to learning is through Biggs' presage-process-product model. The purpose of this study is to examine the process stage of the 3P model. Undergraduate students (N = 67) thought aloud while reading two science texts, then wrote recalls and answered comprehension questions. As hypothesized, a deep approach to learning was positively associated with making connections, examining the logic in the text, and accurate answers to the comprehension questions. Mediation analyses indicated that behavior during the process of learning explained the positive association between a deep approach to learning and accurate answers to the comprehension questions. No hypotheses regarding a surface approach to learning were supported. The findings from this study support the characterization that students with a deep approach to learning engage meaningfully with their course material. These findings are discussed in the context of the 3P model.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A