ERIC Number: EJ1037036
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
Student Perceptions of Facilitators' Social Congruence, Use of Expertise and Cognitive Congruence in Problem-Based Learning
Yew, Elaine H. J.; Yong, Janice J. Y.
Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, v42 n5 p795-815 Sep 2014
In problem-based learning (PBL), the role of a tutor or facilitator is different from what is typically considered as the role of a traditional teacher. In addition to being a subject-matter expert, the facilitator is also expected to be "socially" and "cognitively congruent". In this study, we analyze the survey responses from more than 10,000 students in order to better understand their perceptions of what makes a good or poor facilitator, and to identify specific qualities related to social congruence, cognitive congruence and use of expertise. Students' comments for the highest and lowest scoring groups of facilitators were analyzed qualitatively using inductive data analysis strategies. The following themes were identified: for social congruence--facilitator personality, relating to students, professionalism, motivating students, and learning environment; for cognitive congruence--scaffolding learning, and communication skills; for use of expertise--content knowledge and experience, and stretching students' learning. Coding of students' feedback also demonstrated that students most frequently commented on issues related to facilitators' social congruence. Our findings indicate that social congruence encompasses skills which facilitators may improve on. We also argue that understanding students' perspectives is critical especially in a learner-centred approach such as PBL and therefore propose that our findings provide useful input for the professional development of PBL facilitators.
Descriptors: Medical Students, Student Attitudes, Facilitators (Individuals), Expertise, Problem Based Learning, Congruence (Psychology), Cognitive Processes, Tutors, Qualitative Research, Teacher Student Relationship, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Student Motivation, Educational Environment, Communication Skills, Knowledge Level, Teaching Experience, Learner Controlled Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A