ERIC Number: EJ1037024
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Brief Report: Generalisation of Word-Picture Relations in Children with Autism and Typically Developing Children
Hartley, Calum; Allen, Melissa L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v44 n8 p2064-2071 Aug 2014
We investigated whether low-functioning children with autism generalise labels from colour photographs based on sameness of shape, colour, or both. Children with autism and language-matched controls were taught novel words paired with photographs of unfamiliar objects, and then sorted pictures and objects into two buckets according to whether or not they were also referents of the newly-learned labels. Stimuli matched depicted referents on shape and/or colour. Children with autism extended labels to items that matched depicted objects on shape "and" colour, but also frequently generalised to items that matched on only shape "or" colour. Controls only generalised labels to items that matched the depicted referent's shape. Thus, low-functioning children with autism may not understand that shape constrains symbolic word-picture-object relations.
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Generalization, Photography, Pictorial Stimuli, Visual Perception, Color, Geometric Concepts, Comparative Analysis, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Visual Stimuli, Cognitive Ability
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A