ERIC Number: EJ1036876
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Eye Movements of University Students with and without Reading Difficulties during Naming Speed Tasks
Al Dahhan, Noor; Georgiou, George K.; Hung, Rickie; Munoz, Douglas; Parrila, Rauno; Kirby, John R.
Annals of Dyslexia, v64 n2 p137-150 Jul 2014
Although naming speed (NS) has been shown to predict reading into adulthood and differentiate between adult dyslexics and controls, the question remains why NS is related to reading. To address this question, eye movement methodology was combined with three letter NS tasks (the original letter NS task by Denckla & Rudel, "Cortex" 10:186-202, 1974, and two more developed by Compton, "The Journal of Special Education" 37:81-94, 2003, with increased phonological or visual similarity of the letters). Twenty undergraduate students with reading difficulties (RD) and 27 without (NRD) were tested on letter NS tasks (eye movements were recorded during the NS tasks), phonological processing, and reading fluency. The results indicated first that the RD group was slower than the NRD group on all NS tasks with no differences between the NS tasks. In addition, the NRD group had shorter fixation durations, longer saccades, and fewer saccades and fixations than the RD group. Fixation duration and fixation count were significant predictors of reading fluency even after controlling for phonological processing measures. Taken together, these findings suggest that the NS-reading relationship is due to two factors: less able readers require more time to acquire stimulus information during fixation and they make more saccades.
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Reading Difficulties, Naming, Undergraduate Students, Reading Fluency, Phonology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A