ERIC Number: EJ1036801
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
Conceptualizing Openness to Diversity and Challenge: Its Relation to College Experiences, Achievement, and Retention
Bowman, Nicholas A.
Innovative Higher Education, v39 n4 p277-291 Aug 2014
Openness to diversity and challenge (ODC) constitutes an integral outcome of the undergraduate experience. However, ODC may also serve as a form of generalized openness to experience; if so, then it should be positively related to a host of college experiences as well as student success. The study reported here explored this possibility within a longitudinal sample of 8,475 first-year students at 46 institutions. Results of hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed that ODC is positively and significantly related to several broad measures of college experiences and first-year GPA, and it is also a marginally significant predictor of first-to-second year retention.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, College Freshmen, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Grade Point Average, Educational Experience, Student Experience, Predictor Variables, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement, Social Attitudes, Cultural Pluralism
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A