ERIC Number: EJ1036585
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
Creating Socially Fit Heroes and Reducing the Incidence of Bullying in Elementary Physical Education
Wenos, Jeanne; Trick, Teri; Williams, Jacqueline A.
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, v85 n7 p36-41 2014
Physical educators are not immune to incidents of bullying since confrontations are likely to occur in the settings in which they teach. Children do not recognize themselves as bullies because they often benefit from mistreating others, they don't suffer serious consequences along the way, and their victims don't know how to respond to their aggression. Bullied children may require assistance to see that they are capable of growth to get beyond a victim mentality. Long-term bullies continue to mark passive individuals for abuse, signaling the urgency in developing social skills at an earlier age. Fostering heroism includes three steps: (1) to encourage awareness; (2) to recognize that students have the power to resolve issues; and (3) to foster action in place of passivity. Physical educators can take the lead to initiate school-wide reform by teaching, encouraging and giving children opportunities to practice prosocial behaviors such as being friendlier, more aware of others, and better able to recognize verbal and other forms of abuse. Since physical educators teach all the children in the school, the potential exists to effect a positive societal change within the school building. This article highlights the characteristics of elementary students who engage in bullying behaviors and their victims, along with strategies to promote prosocial fitness within the elementary physical education curriculum and learning environment.
Descriptors: Bullying, Physical Education, Elementary School Students, Aggression, Antisocial Behavior, Victims, Holistic Approach, Elementary School Teachers, Physical Education Teachers, Student Behavior, Reputation, Role Models
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A