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ERIC Number: EJ1036507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0256-2928
The "I Knew It All Along" Phenomenon: Second-Order False Belief Understanding and the Curse of Knowledge in Primary School Children
Massaro, Davide; Castelli, Ilaria; Sanvito, Laura; Marchetti, Antonella
European Journal of Psychology of Education, v29 n3 p311-326 Sep 2014
This study investigated two different expressions of the so-called curse of knowledge in primary school children: hindsight bias and outcome bias. Further, it explored the possible predictive function of false belief understanding in reducing these biases. Ninety-one children aged 7, 9, and 11 years (middle- to upper-middle class) were administered classical first- and second-order false belief tasks as well as hindsight and outcome bias tasks in a within-subjects design, while controlling for cognitive level. Both biases were found at all ages. Second-order false belief understanding seemed to reduce outcome bias but not hindsight bias. These findings indicate that the curse of knowledge is a multifaceted construct with potential relevant implications for learning in children.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A