ERIC Number: EJ1036306
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 62
Internationalization of the Postdoctorate in the United States: Analyzing the Demand for International Postdoc Labor
Cantwell, Brendan; Taylor, Barrett J.
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, v66 n5 p551-567 Nov 2013
The American academic research enterprise relies heavily on contributions made by foreign nationals. Of particular note is the large number of international postdocs employed at universities in the United States (US). Postdocs are among the fastest growing group of academic staff in the US, and over 50% of all postdocs in the US are temporary visa holders. While academic mobility is sometimes understood using a "push-pull" model, we argue that demand for educational migrants must be considered. Drawing from Marginson's ("Handbook on globalization and higher education." Edward Elger, Northampton, 2011; Marginson and Rhoades in "High Educ" 43:281-309, 2002) work, we develop a model for assessing local, national, and institutional (or local) variables that may shape the employment of international postdocs at universities in the United States, and we operationalize the model through a panel regression analysis using data covering the period 1989-2009. We find that the passage of time and federally supported research and development expenditures are strong predictors of postdoc employment. Institutional characteristics predict changes only in the subsample of private universities.
Descriptors: Postdoctoral Education, Foreign Nationals, Faculty Mobility, College Faculty, Employment Potential, Expenditures, Predictor Variables, Private Colleges, Global Approach, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A