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ERIC Number: EJ1036304
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0018-1560
How the Instructional and Learning Environments of Liberal Arts Colleges Enhance Cognitive Development
Pascarella, Ernest T.; Wang, Jui-Sheng; Trolian, Teniell L.; Blaich, Charles
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning, v66 n5 p569-583 Nov 2013
This study analyzes longitudinal data from 17 four-year institutions in the United States to determine how the distinctive instructional and learning environment of American liberal arts colleges accounts for the positive impact of liberal arts college attendance on four-year growth in critical thinking skills and need for cognition. We find that, net of important confounding influences, attending an American liberal arts college (vs. a research university or a regional institution in the United States) increases one's overall exposure to clear and organized classroom instruction and enhances one's use of deep approaches to learning. In turn, clear and organized classroom instruction and deep approaches to learning tend to facilitate growth in both critical thinking and need for cognition--thus indirectly transmitting the impact of attending a liberal arts college.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A