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ERIC Number: EJ1035854
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-1546
Performance Gaps between Online and Face-to-Face Courses: Differences across Types of Students and Academic Subject Areas
Xu, Di; Jaggars, Shanna S.
Journal of Higher Education, v85 n5 p633-659 Sep-Oct 2014
Using a dataset containing nearly 500,000 courses taken by over 40,000 community and technical college students in Washington State, this study examines the performance gap between online and face-to-face courses and how the size of that gap differs across student subgroups and academic subject areas. While all types of students in the study suffered decrements in performance in online courses, those with the strongest declines were males, younger students, Black students, and students with lower grade point averages. Online performance gaps were also wider in some academic subject areas than others. After controlling for individual and peer effects, the social sciences and the applied professions (e.g., business, law, and nursing) showed the strongest online performance gaps.
Ohio State University Press. 180 Pressey Hall, 1070 Carmack Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1002. Tel: 614-292-1407; Fax: 614-292-2065; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Does Not Meet Evidence Standards