ERIC Number: EJ1035807
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Reference Count: 6
How Did the Answer Get Bigger?
Johanning, Debra I.; Mamer, James D.
Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, v19 n6 p344-351 Feb 2014
When students begin work with fraction division in fifth grade or sixth grade, they bring with them experiences from whole-number division. Many students think that a division problem should lead to a quotient that is smaller than the dividend. It is also common for students to believe that the dividend should be larger than the divisor. Many, if not most, of the whole-number division problems that students have worked with are of the form 15 ÷ 5 = 3 or 666 ÷ 18 = 37, where "division makes smaller." When students begin to study fraction division, it is important that their understanding of division is expanded to address why it is possible to divide two numbers and find a quotient that is larger than either dividend or divisor. Supporting students to develop efficient procedures for fraction division, although important, should not be the only goal. Instruction should also support the development of number and operation sense. Fraction magnitude is a prerequisite for developing such number sense and operation sense (Behr et al. 1984). With fractions, number sense includes understanding magnitude or the size of an individual fraction in relation to a whole and in relation to other fractions. With fraction division, understanding what a reasonable quotient might be involves being able to compare the magnitude of the dividend with the magnitude of the divisor when the operation of division is carried out. This article explores both modeling and equivalence as reasoning tools to support students' developing number sense and understanding of the measurement interpretation of fraction division.
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Arithmetic, Mathematics Skills, Teaching Methods, Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation, Numeracy, Mathematical Logic, Problem Solving, Measurement, Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.nctm.org/publications/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: 0952661