ERIC Number: EJ1035614
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Employment Status among Parenting Teenage Mothers Enrolled in High School
Smith, Matthew Lee; Wilson, Kelly L.
Journal of School Health, v84 n9 p605-608 Sep 2014
Background: Many programs emphasize subsequent pregnancy prevention and high school graduation among teenage mothers; however, less is known about their ability to increase financial earnings from employment opportunities while concurrently enrolled in school. This study evaluates factors influencing employment status among teenage mothers after enrolling in a community-based randomized intervention. Methods: Project Mothers and Schools (PMAS) initiative participants were surveyed at baseline and 12 months after enrollment. The 56 control group participants received homebound education and family case management, whereas the 59 intervention group participants received these basic-level services as well as group parenting time, life skills, and leadership training. A generalized estimating equation was used to identify statistically significant changes associated with the intervention. Results: Participants were significantly more likely to receive money from their jobs at postintervention relative to baseline (OR = 4.75, p = 0.023); however, this change was not statistically significant when comparing the control group to the intervention group. At postintervention, those who received money from parents were significantly less likely to receive money from their job (OR = 0.12, p = 0.002). Conclusions: While PMAS benefited participants in terms of employment, the role of parental support requires additional investigation to determine its influence on teenage mothers' ability to achieve financial independence.
Descriptors: Employment Level, High School Students, Pregnant Students, Pregnancy, Graduation, Employment Opportunities, Intervention, Parent Surveys, Student Surveys, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Daily Living Skills, Leadership Training, Statistical Significance, Comparative Analysis, Parent Role, Home Instruction, Caseworker Approach, Parenthood Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education; High Schools
Sponsor: US Department of Health and Human Services
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: APH PA 006042