ERIC Number: EJ1035575
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
Social Perception in Children Born at Very Low Birthweight and Its Relationship with Social/Behavioral Outcomes
Williamson, Kathryn E.; Jakobson, Lorna S.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, v55 n9 p990-998 Sep 2014
Background: Research has shown that children born very prematurely are at substantially elevated risk for social and behavioral difficulties similar to those seen in full-term children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Methods: To gain insight into core deficits that may underlie these difficulties, in this study, we assessed the social perceptual skills of 8- to 11-year-old children born at very low birthweight (VLBW) (<1,500 g) and age-matched, full-term controls, using the Child and Adolescent Social Perception Measure. We also assessed social and behavioral outcomes with two parent-report measures used in ASD screening. Results: Children in the preterm group had normal range estimated verbal IQ. However, we found that they were impaired in their ability to use nonverbal cues from moving faces and bodies, and situational cues, to correctly identify the emotions of characters depicted in videotaped social interactions. Their performance on this task was related to the number of "autistic-like" traits they displayed. Conclusions: This research highlights links between social perceptual deficits and poor social and behavioral outcomes in children born very prematurely. The results also suggest that even those who have escaped major intellectual/language problems are at risk for social and behavioral problems that can be of clinical concern.
Descriptors: Birth, Body Weight, Video Technology, Risk, Behavior Problems, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Ability, Intelligence Quotient, Interpersonal Competence, Parent Attitudes, Screening Tests, Task Analysis, Language Impairments, Nonverbal Ability, Cues, Control Groups, Children, Interpersonal Relationship, Premature Infants
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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