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ERIC Number: EJ1034621
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Coupling Dynamics Interlip Coordination in Lower Lip Load Compensation
van Lieshout, Pascal; Neufeld, Chris
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v57 n2 pS597-S615 Apr 2014
Purpose: To study the effects of lower lip loading on lower and upper lip movements and their coordination to test predictions on coupling dynamics derived from studies in limb control. Method: Movement data were acquired using electromagnetic midsagittal articulography under 4 conditions: (a) without restrictions, serving as a baseline; (b) with a small carrier device attached to the lower lip; (c) with a 50-g weight added to the device; and, at the end of the session (d) with the weight and device removed. For all conditions, 8 participants repeated nonwords at 2 speaking rates. Movement data were used to derive discrete kinematic measures, a cyclic index of spatiotemporal variability, phase deviations, and standard deviations of relative phase for interlip coupling. Results: Kinematic variables were not systematically affected by lower lip load. Phase deviations also showed no change, but in contrast, phase variability showed a significant increase for the lower lip load condition at fast rates. Conclusion: Lower lip load effects are comparable to the reported impact of homologous limb loading, showing evidence for a tight coupling between both lips in line with predictions from coordination dynamics accounts in the literature.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A