ERIC Number: EJ1034348
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The "Learning Disabilities to Juvenile Detention" Pipeline: A Case Study
Mallett, Christopher A.
Children & Schools, v36 n3 p147-154 Jul 2014
Adolescents becoming formally involved with a juvenile court because of school-related behavior and discipline problems is a phenomenon known as the school-to-prison pipeline. Adolescents with learning disabilities are disproportionately represented within this pipeline. A study was conducted to review the outcomes for a population of youthful offenders (n = 433) in two juvenile courts in the Midwest, and it was found that youthful offenders with learning disabilities, when compared with nondisabled youthful offenders, were more likely to be suspended from school, were adjudicated delinquent at younger ages, and were more frequently held in detention centers. These outcomes are all risk factors for ongoing delinquent behaviors and, for some, eventual adult criminal court involvement. It is recommended that the juvenile courts continue to shift toward a rehabilitative paradigm in working with this more vulnerable offender population, including increased use of social workers.
Descriptors: Case Studies, Learning Disabilities, Juvenile Justice, Juvenile Courts, Adolescents, Youth Problems, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Disproportionate Representation, Discipline Problems, Discipline Policy, Policy Analysis, Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, At Risk Students, Social Bias, Delinquent Rehabilitation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A