ERIC Number: EJ1033909
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Functional Analysis of Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity in Young Children
Larson, Tracy A.; Normand, Matthew P.; Morley, Allison J.; Miller, Bryon G.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v46 n1 p199-207 Spr 2013
Inadequate physical activity increases the risks related to a number of health problems in children, most notably obesity and the corresponding range of associated health problems. The purpose of the current study was to conduct a functional analysis to investigate the effects of several consequent variables on moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). We observed the level of MVPA exhibited by 2 preschool children in 4 conditions: alone, attention contingent on MVPA, adult interaction contingent on MVPA, and escape from task demands contingent on MVPA. These four conditions were compared to a naturalistic baseline and to a control condition. Overall, results indicated that the children were most active when attention and interactive play were contingent on MVPA. Social environments that encourage MVPA could be arranged based on this information, with these arrangements tailored to the individual child.
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Child Health, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Preschool Children, Context Effect, Interaction, Influences, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Play, Attention, Social Environment, Environmental Influences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A