ERIC Number: EJ1033889
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Using Audio Script Fading and Multiple-Exemplar Training to Increase Vocal Interactions in Children with Autism
Garcia-Albea, Elena; Reeve, Sharon A.; Brothers, Kevin J.; Reeve, Kenneth F.
Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, v47 n2 p325-343 Sum 2014
Script-fading procedures have been shown to be effective for teaching children with autism to initiate and participate in social interactions without vocal prompts from adults. In previous script and script-fading research, however, there has been no demonstration of a generalized repertoire of vocal interactions under the control of naturally occurring relevant stimuli. In this study, 4 boys with autism were taught to initiate a conversation in the presence of toys through the use of a script and script-fading procedure. Training with multiple categories and exemplars of toys was used to increase the likelihood of generalization of vocal interactions across novel toys. A multiple-probe design across participants was used to assess the effects of these procedures. The intervention successfully brought interactions by children with autism under the control of relevant stimuli in the environment. Future research pertaining to the specific implementation of these procedures (e.g., fading, script placement, participant characteristics) is discussed.
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Scripts, Autism, Interaction, Prompting, Social Behavior, Generalization, Verbal Communication, Stimuli, Males, Interpersonal Communication, Toys, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A