ERIC Number: EJ1032975
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Factorial Validity and Reliability of the Sense of Community in Online Courses Scale
Randolph, Justus J.; Crawford, Linda M.
Journal of Interactive Online Learning, v12 n2 p53-69 Sum 2013
The alarmingly high rate of attrition in online courses results in many negative consequences for students, faculty, online institutions, and for society as a whole. One reason theorized for this attrition is a lack of a sense of community in online courses; however, there is much theoretical and empirical debate on what factors contribute to that sense of community. Therefore, in this article, we present a revised version of the Sense of Community in Online Courses Scale, which has 4 components and 16 items, and we provide evidence that the scale is reliable and has factorial validity. We also use structural equation modeling to examine the relationships among the components. It is our hope that this scale will be beneficial to researchers of online learning and to instructors of online courses interested in improving the sense of community, and reducing attrition, in their courses.
Descriptors: Rating Scales, Reliability, Validity, Factor Analysis, Social Attitudes, Community, Online Courses, Structural Equation Models, Student Attrition, Online Surveys, Statistical Analysis, Factor Structure, College Students
University of Alabama. 152 Rose Administration, P.O. Box 870104, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487. Web site: http://www.ncolr.org/jiol
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A