ERIC Number: EJ1032892
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Retrieval Dynamics and Retention in Cross-Situational Statistical Word Learning
Vlach, Haley A.; Sandhofer, Catherine M.
Cognitive Science, v38 n4 p757-774 May-Jun 2014
Previous research on cross-situational word learning has demonstrated that learners are able to reduce ambiguity in mapping words to referents by tracking co-occurrence probabilities across learning events. In the current experiments, we examined whether learners are able to retain mappings over time. The results revealed that learners are able to retain mappings for up to 1 week later. However, there were interactions between the amount of retention and the different learning conditions. Interestingly, the strongest retention was associated with a learning condition that engendered retrieval dynamics that initially challenged the learner but eventually led to more successful retrieval toward the end of learning. The ease/difficulty of retrieval is a critical process underlying cross-situational word learning and is a powerful example of how learning dynamics affect long-term learning outcomes.
Descriptors: Language Acquisition, Retention (Psychology), Cognitive Mapping, Educational Environment, Language Processing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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