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ERIC Number: EJ1032853
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Spatial Ability Mediates the Gender Difference in Middle School Students' Science Performance
Ganley, Colleen M.; Vasilyeva, Marina; Dulaney, Alana
Child Development, v85 n4 p1419-1432 Jul-Aug 2014
Prior research has demonstrated a male advantage in spatial skills and science achievement. The present research integrated these findings by testing the potential role of spatial skills in gender differences in the science performance of eighth-grade students (13-15 years old). In "Study 1" (N = 113), the findings showed that mental rotation ability mediated gender differences in physical science and technology/engineering test scores. In "Study 2" (N = 73,245), science performance was examined in a state population of eighth-grade students. As in "Study 1", the results revealed larger gender differences on items that showed higher correlations with mental rotation. These findings underscore the importance of considering spatial training interventions aimed at reducing gender differences in the science performance of school-aged children.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED560919