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ERIC Number: EJ1032595
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0013-2004
On the Old Saw That Dialogue Is a Socratic but Not an Aristotelian Method of Moral Education
Kristjánsson, Kristján
Educational Theory, v64 n4 p333-348 Aug 2014
Kristján Kristjánsson's aim in this article is to bury the old saw that dialogue is exclusively a Socratic but not an Aristotelian method of education for moral character. Although the truncated discussion in Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics" of the character development of the young may indicate that it is merely the result of a mindless process of behavioral conditioning, Nancy Sherman has argued convincingly that such a process would never yield the end result that Aristotle deems all-important--a precondition for the ascription of virtue--namely, reason-infused "phronesis". Rather than having to rely on impressionistic Aristotelian reconstructions here, Kristjánsson observes, considerable enlightenment can be gleaned by studying Aristotle's account of friendship, especially his account of how character friends reciprocally construct each other's selfhoods through sustained, dialectical engagement. It is clear from this description that ideal character building essentially involves dialogue. If that is correct, however, in the case of character friendship, new light can be shed on other Aristotelian staples of character education, such as role modeling and the use of literature and music, as those will then also, by parity of reasoning, involve sustained use of a dialogical method.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A