ERIC Number: EJ1031556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Gender and Agreement Processing in Children with Developmental Language Disorder
Rakhlin, Natalia; Kornilov, Sergey A.; Grigorenko, Elena L.
Journal of Child Language, v41 n2 p241-274 Mar 2014
Two experiments tested whether Russian-speaking children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) are sensitive to gender agreement when performing a gender decision task. In Experiment 1, the presence of overt gender agreement between verbs and/or adjectival modifiers and postverbal subject nouns memory was varied. In Experiment 2, agreement violations were introduced and the targets varied between words, pseudo-words, or pseudo-words with derivational suffixes. In both experiments, children with DLD did not differ from typically developing children in their reaction time or sensitivity to agreement features. In both groups, trials with feminine gender resulted in a higher error rate. Children with DLD displayed lower overall accuracy, which was related to differences in phonological memory in both experiments. Furthermore, in Experiment 1 group differences were not maintained after phonological memory was entered as a covariate. The results are discussed with respect to various processing and linguistic theories of DLD.
Descriptors: Form Classes (Languages), Grammar, Accuracy, Language Acquisition, Experimental Groups, Phonology, Memory, Language Impairments, Decision Making, Task Analysis, Verbs, Nouns, Morphemes, Reaction Time, Error Analysis (Language), Language Processing, Linguistic Theory, Children, Russian
Cambridge University Press. The Edinburgh Building, Shaftesbury Road, Cambridge, CB2 8RU, UK. Tel: 800-872-7423; Tel: 845-353-7500; Tel: +44-1223-326070; Fax: 845-353-4141; Fax: +44-1223-325150; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.cambridge.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A